5 Knots

Learn the basic knots to get started.

Arbor Knot (Backing to Reel)

knotarborThe arbor knot is very easy to tie and is used to fasten your backing to the reel.

Wrap the line around the arbor of your spool and tie an overhand knot around the standing line

Tie a second overhand knot on the tag end a few inches from the first.

Moisten the line and the two overhand knots. Tighten the smaller knot and holding the spool in your left hand pull on the standing line with your right hand sliding the first overhand knot against the arbor of the spool. The second overhand knot will keep this from slipping. Trim the tag end.

 

 

Perfection Loop (Loop to Loop)

knotperfectionThe perfection loop knot is used for attaching two looped pieces of monofilament together. Sometimes used for a quick change of leaders. This is a dependable and strong when formed properly.

Take the standing line in your left hand and form a loop by crossing the tag end over itself with your right hand. Pinch between the thumb and index finger in your left hand when it crosses leaving about 5 inches of the tag and exposed work with. Form a smaller loop in from of the larger loop by bringing the tag end in the front of the first formed loop. Pinch this in the first crossover.

Take the tag end, wrapping it around the back of both loops when between the two loops. After you go between both loops add that to what you are pinching down between your fingers.

With your right hand, reach through the first formed loop taking the second smaller loop between your thumb and index finger and pulls it through the first loop. Moisten and slowly pull on the standing line continuing to hold the smaller loop that you pulled through. Trim the tag end close and the loop knot is complete.

 

 

 

Nail Knot (leader to fly line)

knotnailknowThe nail knot is one of the most important knots that every fly fishermen should learn. There are a few variations in the way this knot is tied. The angler can use a tube or a needle in replacement of the nail. With a little practice this knot can be tied very quickly. Most common area for use is attaching the leader to the fly line. It can also be used to attach the fly line to the backing.

Place a nail between the fly line and leader. Wrap the leader back towards the end of your fly line about 6 times.

Pass the end of your leader back through the loops you just made after the leader is through, pull on both ends of the fly line and leader trying not to have the loops cross each other. Holding with fingers. Remove nail.

Moisten and snug down by pulling both ends away from each other. Clip excess line and leader close to the formed knot.

 

 

 

Surgeon’s Knot (Monofilament to Monofilament)

knotsurgeonsknotThe Surgeon’s knot is a knot also used for attaching two pieces of monofilament together. It is a very fast and easy knot to tie and is usually preferred more than the blood knot. This is a great knot for joining two pieces of monofilament that are greatly different in diameter. When you are building a tampered leader, tied correctly, this knot is generally stronger than the blood knot. Very quick and easy knot for attaching 4X-5X-6X-7X tippet to each other. You can do this one in the dark.

The main line should come in from left and the line to be attached should come from the right. Overlap the two pieces approximately 6 or so inches.

Pinch the overlapped line together on the left between your thumb and index finger. Do the same with the sections on the right and make a loop by crossing it over itself. Take the long and short lines that are in your right hand and pass them through the formed loop. Around, and back through a second time.

Pull both pieces being held in each hand away from each other closing the knot. Moisten and pull tight. Once this not is secure you cab tighten it further by pulling individual pieces. I would not recommend this knot for line over 30lbs because it will be hard to tighten and the strength of the knot will only be there if tightened all the way.

 

 

 

Blood Knot (Monofilament to Monofilament)

knotbloodknotThe Blood knot is a knot used for attaching two pieces of monofilament together, primarily for rebuilding tapered leaders. This is an extremely strong knot when formed properly and should be tied with monofilament close in diameter. Best use is for monofilament 10lbs and up.

Lay Both sections of monofilament across one another. Wrap one section 5-6 times around the other bringing the end back down through the oop formed by both.

Wrap the other line 5-6 times around the remaining portion of the first line and pass it’s free end up through the formed loop.

Moisten the knot with your mouth and while holding the long ends pull the knot tight. Clip the short ends close and the knot is complete.

 

 

Improved Clinch Knot (Leader to Fly)

knotclinchknotThe improved clinch knot is used for fastening the leader to the fly. If you are using over 12lb. Test line, this is not a recommended knot.

Thread your leader tippet through the eye of the hook. Wrap the end of the leader around the standing line 5 times for lines up to 8lb test and 4 times for lines from 8-12lb test. (You can also turn the hook 5 or 4 times)

Take the tag end of the leader and pass it through the gap between the eye of the hook and the first wrap. Continue the tag end back up through the main loop just formed.

Moisten the knot with your mouth, and while holding the hook in your left hand pull on the standing leader allowing the knot to seat tightly against the hook. Clip the excess line.

 

 

 Another really useful Internet link is on:   http://www.animatedknots.com     where you can watch each knot tied frame by frame.

 

Some useful tips when tying knots:

 

  1. Never tighten down a knot without lubricating it first. This not only allows the knot to lock in correctly, but it decreases the amount of friction heat on the monofilament or fluorocarbon. Excess heat will reduce the breaking strain considerably
  2. Never jerk a knot tight, always tighten with a steady, and even pressure.
  3. Hold the pressure on the knot for a couple of seconds after tightening. This allows the knot to lock into position correctly and not slip.
  4. Always make sure that the knot is locked in correctly before trimming off the tag.

 

You need to practice all these knots so that you can tie any knot at any time with confidence.

 

Another really useful Internet link is on:     http://www.animatedknots.com     where you can watch each knot tied frame by frame.

 

Some useful tips when tying knots:

 

1. Never tighten down a knot without lubricating it first. This not only allows the knot to lock in correctly, but it decreases the amount of friction heat on the monofilament or fluorocarbon. Excess heat will reduce the breaking strain considerably

2. Never jerk a knot tight, always tighten with a steady, and even pressure.>

3. Hold the pressure on the knot for a couple of seconds after tightening. This allows the knot to lock into position correctly and not slip.

4. Always make sure that the knot is locked in correctly before trimming off the tag.

 

You need to practice all these knots so that you can tie any knot at any time with confidence.